The following are selected Articles, Book Reviews, Briefs, Commentaries, Essays, Notes, Notifications, Pamphlets, Reports, Research, and Working papers on a variety of BlackEconomics topics.

Commentary: “The Military Too!” (January 27, 2023) (215 KB) [TMT.pdf] This commentary reinforces the fact that Black Americans can benefit from war and military service at the margin. However, we are not benefiting from DEI (Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion] to the extent that we should through active-duty military service where we are significantly underrepresented as officers.

Commentary: “What Manner of Mind?” (January 20, 2023) (224 KB) [WMOM.pdf] The commentary explores the Western World mind that has generated vast  material wealth and power. But it has also produced untold atrocities the end of which remains far in the future. It suggests that the world should embrace a “Great Reset,” and should choose to benefit from the wise counsel of those who have suffered most over the past 500 years to ensure a better world tomorrow.

Commentary: “Guaranteed Prosperity” (January 6, 2023) (254 KB) [GUARPROSP.pdf] This submission integrates two of our very recent commentaries and suggests a direct path to Black American prosperity if we exercise courage, faith, unity, and work.

Commentary: “The Declining Significance of Protests” (December 23, 2022) (232 KB) [TDSP.pdf] Discusses how traditional protests (marches, sit-ins, etc.) are increasingly unimpactful in resolving socioeconomic inequalities, and how the “nuclear option” (sit-down strikes) may be lost as an option over the next ten years. Economic boycotts are not discussed.

Brief Essay: “Counterfactuals” (December 9, 2022) (303 KB) [COUNTERFACTUALS.pdf] Presents selected counterfactual statistics for Black American People had the US post bellum period been characterized by a racially/ethnically harmonious American society. There are consequences because the counterfactuals did not materialize.

Note: “Mini Dataset: Socioeconomic and Political Profiles of I-20X States (December 2, 2022) (227 KB) [MDSSPI20X.pdf] Dataset (52 KB) [BE_ORG-i20XSTATEPROFILES120222.XLSX] In combination, these two files enable analyses of Black American People representativeness in I-20X states: Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas.

Commentary: “Adding ‘People'” (November 25, 2022) (227 KB) [ADDPEOP.pdf] Argues that Black/Afrodescendant Americans should add the word “people” when we identifying ourselves. It will strengthen our self-perception and others’ perceptions of us. Using “Black People” and “Afrodescendant People” will help bring us together as a people and ensure our rise.

Commentary: “The Door Is Open: Pass H.R. 40 and S. 40 Now!” (November 18, 2022) (229 KB) [PHR40S40NOW.pdf] Suggests passage of the Reparations Bill before the Democratic Party controlled 117th Congress adjourns. Also see a Response from Mr. Lindsey “Rob” Robinson. A follow on Response from Baba Asinia Lukata Chikuyu.

Analysis Brief: “A Clearer View” (November 11, 2022) (271 KB) [ACV.pdf] Presents a brief analysis of US defense spending; selected companies, leaders, and industries involved; how Black America benefits little from this vast spending; and how all of this should motivate Black Americans to continue on a road toward self-determination.

Commentary: “Are Black American ‘Self-Determiners’ ‘Liberals’ or ‘Conservatives’?” (October 14, 2022) (234 KB) [ABASDLOC.pdf] Comments on how Black American “Self-Determiners” might engage during the US November 8, 2022 elections.

Analysis Brief: “Why is Black American Homeownership Constrained?” (October 7, 2022) (310 KB) [WBAHC.pdf] Discusses estimates of the extent to which Black American average household income is insufficient to secure certain Federal Housing Administration mortgages.

Brief Essay: “Welcoming Black South Asians into the Black World” (September 30, 2022) (246 KB) [WBSAITBW.pdf] Discusses why Black South Asians should be welcomed into the Black World and what that might portend.

Brief Essay: “The Black Economics of Uncertainty” (September 9, 2022) (261 KB) [TBEOU.pdf] Considers why “uncertainty” is not factored explicitly into the Black American Reparations valuation equation.

Commentary: “Never Say Never” (September 2, 2022) (251 KB) [NSN.pdf] Advises Black Americans to become, and remain, prepared for crises because it is too late to plan for crises after they strike. Economic preparation for such crises is especially important.

Analysis Brief: “The Essential Role of Black Banks in Black Economic Development” (August 19, 2022) (314 KB) [TERBED.pdf] Considers how Black bank formation can yield more robust Black Economic Development.

Commentary: “A ‘Greater Fool’ Economy” (August 12, 2022) (212 KB) [AGFE.pdf] Considers the fundamental nature of the current US economic operational system.

Commentary: “Concerns about CHIPS” (August 5, 2022) (241 KB) [CACHIPS.pdf] Discusses concerns about Black America’s role in Federal Government efforts to shore up STEM-related production, research, and study.

Commentary: “Fortuitous Unity and Trust” (July 29, 2022) (246 KB) [FUT.pdf]

Commentary: “Black Americans’ International Relations” (July 22, 2022) (239 KB) [BAIR.pdf]

Commentary: “Black America is No. 1” (July 22, 2022) (239 KB) [BAN1.pdf]

Commentary: “Another CWBA Problem” (July 15, 2022) (275 KB) [CWBAPROB.pdf]

Commentary: “Mindset” (July 8, 2022) (223 KB) [MINDSET.pdf]

Analysis Brief: “Black Americans and Public BCCCTs” (July 1, 2022) (323 KB) [BCCCTS.pdf]

Analysis Brief: “More on Food Inflation” (June 24, 2022) (319 KB) [MOFI.pdf]

Analysis Brief: “To Be Forearmed” (June 10, 2022) (267 KB) [TBFOREARMED.pdf]

Commentary: “A Fundamental Misunderstanding” (June 3, 2022) (229 KB) [AFUNDMIS.pdf]

Commentary: “The ‘Great Replacement’ or ‘Great Elimination’ Theories” (May 27, 2022) (235 KB) [GRT-GET.pdf]

Special Commentary: “Learn to Hate” (May 17, 2022) (232 KB) [LTH.pdf] Please see public responses to this commentary here.

Analysis Brief: “Black Names in the Halls of Congress” (May 13, 2022) (357 KB) [BNITHC.pdf]

Analysis Brief: “More Evidence Concerning CBC Members’ Ineffectiveness” (May 6, 2022) (295 KB) [MECCBCMI.pdf]

Commentary: “Planning Our Rise” (April 29, 2022) (236 KB) [POR.pdf]

Brief Analysis: “Black American Taxes: Comparing What We Pay” (April 15, 2022) (331 KB) [BATCWWP.pdf]

Brief Analysis: “Housing for Families in Poverty: An Alternative Paradigm” (April 8, 2022) (238 KB) [HFFIP.pdf]

Commentary: “The Real Insanity of ‘March Madness'” (April 1, 2022) (233 KB) [RIMM.pdf]

Special Release: “Law and Economics: Excerpts from a Letter Concerning Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson” (March 22, 2022) (491 KB) [LAEEFL.pdf]

Commentary: “Welcome to More Misery” (March 18, 2022) (201 KB) [WMM.pdf]

Commentary: “What Should Black Americans Do About Climate Change?” (March 11, 2022) (261 KB) [WSBADACC.pdf]

Brief Working Paper: “Are Black Americans Rational Economic Agents? The Case of General Sales and Property Taxes” (March 4, 2022) (360 KB) [ABAREA.pdf]

Commentary: “Dark Clouds or Sunshine? The Black Economics of War” (February 25, 2022) (241 KB) [DCSTBEOW.pdf]

Commentary: “Acting on Adverse Redistricting: ‘One Thing Leads to Another'” (February 18, 2022) (275 KB) [AOROTLTA.pdf]

Notification: “Cleaning Our Way to Black Liberation” (February 18, 2022) (202 KB) [COWTBL.pdf]

Commentary: “Reparations and Procrastination” (February 4, 2022) (244 KB) [RANDP.pdf]

* In connection with this commentary on Reparations, Mr. Bennett Johnson of Evanston, Illinois submitted “The Freedom Plan – A Proposal for Reparations” (February 5, 2022) (42 KB) [BJFP.pdf]. This submission does not necessarily reflect the thoughts or opinions of

Commentary: “What Can Three Black Economists Do?” (January 21, 2022) (428 KB) [WC3BED.pdf]

Note: “Is Black America Progressing?” (January 14, 2022) (435 KB) [IBAP.pdf]

Essay: “A Historical Critique of Black American Leadership” (December 21, 2021) (602 KB) [LEADERSHIP.pdf]

Commentary: “Wisdom, Ability, Incentives” (October 22, 2021) (419 KB) [WAI.pdf]

Essay: “Government Expenditure and a Decision to Emigrate” (October 15, 2021) (485 KB) [GEDE.pdf]

Commentary: “How Can There Be Joy?” (October 8, 2021) (392 KB) [HCTBJ.pdf]

Commentary: Rob Robinson’s Commentary on September 30, 2021, New York Times Article: “More Than Half of Police Killings are Mislabeled, New Study Says” (October 1, 2021) (392 KB) [PWABMW.pdf]

Commentary: “How Long is ‘Not Long’?” (September 24, 2021) (387 KB) [HLINL.pdf]

Essay: “Drivers But Not Beneficiaries of Health Output” (September 17, 2021) (414 KB) [DBNBHO.pdf]

Commentary: “Homogeneity, Heterogeneity, Discrimination, and Reparations” (August 27, 2021) (394 KB) [HHDR.pdf]

Essay: “Executing Existing Power” (August 17, 2021) (416 KB) [EEP.pdf]

Commentary: “What Do Black Americans Know About Climate Change?” (August 11, 2021) (398 KB) [BAACC.pdf]

Commentary: “CBC Not Positioned to Optimize Black America’s Well-Being” (August 2, 2021) (378 KB) [CBCNOTPOS.pdf]

Commentary: “Racism in Death” (July 26, 2021) (409 KB) [RID.pdf]

Commentary: “Should the Late George Floyd Be a Black American Hero?” (July 19, 2021) (402 KB) [SGFBAH.pdf]

Report Brief: “Black American Employment Representativeness” (July 4, 2021) (447 KB) [REPRESENTATIVENESS.pdf]

Essay: “Cherry Picking the SS COLA and More” (May 21, 2021) (438 KB) [CPSSCOLAM.pdf]

Report Brief: “Seven Truths About Black American Billionaires” (May 14, 2021) (449 KB) [STABAB.pdf]

Essay: “New Black-NonBlack Wealth Inequality Metrics” (May 7, 2021) (395 KB) [NBNBWIMS.pdf]

Commentary: “Work Awaits Black Studies Programs” (April 17, 2021) (369 KBS) [WABSP.pdf]

Commentary: “Everybody: Do Something!” (April 8, 2021) (389 KBS) [EDS.pdf]

Commentary: “Agenda Setting” (March 29, 2021) (383 KB) [AGENDASETTING.pdf]

Pamphlet: “Love and BlackEconomics” (March 25, 2021) (436 KB) [LOVEANDBE.pdf]

Commentary: “$27 Million is Not Enough” (March 13, 2021) (424 KB) [27MINE.pdf]

Commentary: “What Does ARPA 2021 Mean for Black Americans?” (March 12, 2021) (369 KB) [WDARPA.pdf]

Commentary: “Destructive Competition” (March 3, 2021) (364 KB) [DC.pdf]

Commentary: “The Economics of Fear” (February 17, 2021) (218 KB) [TEF.pdf]

Essay: “Why Joe Biden Should Not Be President” (December 12, 2020) (254 KB) (WJBSNBP.pdf)

Report: “Black Boycott of Retail Sales Successful Again” (October 17, 2020; released January 1, 2020) (256 KB) [BBRSSA.pdf]

Commentary: “Forget Equality: Demand and Take Independence” (September 27, 2020; released January 1, 2021) (221 KB) [FEDTI.pdf]

Essay: “Never a Slave!” (September 14, 2020) (281 KB) [NAS.pdf]

Commentary: “Push Back: ‘A Contract with Black America: Addressing Racial Inequalities'” (August 5, 2020) (297 KB) (ICPB.pdf)

Commentary: “Revise the Narrative” (August 1, 2020; released January 1, 2021) (215 KB) (RTN.pdf)

Commentary: “Gathering the Dust.” (June 28, 2020) (223 KB) (GTD.pdf)

Commentary: “The Look of Change: Reparations, Separation, and Nation Formation” (June 13, 2020) (268 KB) (TLC.pdf)

Commentary: “Monologue on George Floyd’s Murder by Rob Robinson” (May 29, 2020) (260 KB) [MOGFM-RR.pdf]

Book Review: “From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the Twenty-First Century” (May 10, 2020) (280 KB) [BR-FHTE.pdf]

Commentary: “USDS Likely to Trump SSS” (April 25, 2020) (233 KB) [USDSOVERSSS.pdf]

Commentary:  “Just Don’t Take It!”  (February 2, 2020)  (238 KB)  [JDTI.pdf]

Commentary:  “MLK’s Great Transformation:  How to Benefit”  (January 18, 2020)  (226 KB)  [MLKGT.pdf]

Essay:  “It’s All about Perspective:  Black America’s Nation Formation”  (January 11, 2020)  (265 KB)  [IAAPBANF.pdf]

Commentary:  “What Can Black America’s Current Cultural Capital Produce?”  (November 30, 2019)  (237 KB)  [WCBACCCP.pdf]

Commentary:  “Economic Litmus Test”  (November 9, 2019)  (189 KB)  [EL.pdf]

Commentary: “Census Tracts, Opportunity Zones, and Tax Breaks”  (July 27, 2019)  (278 KB) [CTOZTB.pdf]

Commentary:  “HR 40 and SB 1083: More Time, Money, and Direction”  (June 22, 2019)  (199 KB) [MTMD.pdf]

Commentary:  “Five Bites at the Rotting Apple”  (May 12, 2019)  (237 KB)  [FBATRA.pdf]

Commentary:  “No Longer a Credible Threat”  (January 21, 2019)  (220 KB)  [NLACT.pdf]

Commentary:  “No Donations without Revelations”  (November 10, 2018)  (86 KB)  [NDWR.pdf]

Report:  “Results of Bank Black Protest Actions”  (October 20, 2018)  (85 KB)  [ROBBPA.pdf]

Essay:  “Work Stoppage Protests”  (October 19, 2018)  (71 KB)  [WSP.pdf]

Essay:  “We Made a Difference”  (June 24, 2018)  (164 KB)  [WMD.pdf]

Essay:  “Have You Read the US Constitution?”  (January 29, 2018)  (99 KB)  [HYRUSC.pdf]

Commentary:  “Enlightening Black America”  (October 1, 2017)  (88 KB)  [EBA.pdf]

Commentary:  “A Better Mouse Trap”  (May 28, 2017)  (190 KB)  [ABMT.pdf}

Essay:  “The Black-White Wealth Gap is Greater Than You Think!”  (April 15, 2017)  (165 KB)  [NPISH.pdf]

Essay:  “Black America’s Trade Losses”  (December 11, 2016) (206 KB) [BTL.pdf]

Essay:  “Will US Black and White Household Incomes Ever Converge?”  (December 18, 2015)  (171 KB)  [WUBWHEC.pdf]

Essay:  “Is Expanding Entrepreneurship an Answer for US Afrodescendants Today?”  (December 7, 2015)  (174 KB)  [IEETA.pdf]

Report Brief:  “Black Americans: Happy with Life in US”  (September 25, 2015)  (196 KB) [BAHLUS.pdf]

Commentary:  “New Strategy for Resolving Baltimore’s Crisis” (April 24, 2015)  (131 KB)  [NSFRBC.pdf]

Research:  “A Broad Three-Point Reparations Program for US Afrodescendants Versus CARICOM’s 10-Point Program”  (March 25, 2015)  (204 KB)  [BTPRP.pdf]

Commentary:  “We’re A Nation, Not a Community.”  (September 5, 2014)  (148 KB)  [WANNC.pdf]

Commentary:  “What Can the CBC Do?”  (August 16,  2014) (75 KB)  [CBC.pdf]

Report Brief:  “22 Reasons Why Black Businesses Fail”  (August 1, 2014)  (111 KB)  [22REASONS.pdf]

Report Brief:  “Black America Doesn’t Benefit from the Nation’s Economic Growth”  (May 10, 2014)  (87 KB)  [BADNEG.pdf]

Commentary: “Fear May Cause Discrimination” (February 7, 2014) (116 KB) [FMCD.pdf]

Commentary:  “The Economics of Nonviolence:  Gandhi, King, and Mandela”  (December 13, 2013)  (75 KB)  [TENGKM.pdf]

Report Brief:  “Black Churches and College Scholarships” (October 1, 2013)  (77 KB) [BCCS.pdf]

Working Paper:  “Income Tax Compliance and the Black-White Disposable Income Gap”  (March 17, 2012)  (214 KB)  [ITCBWIG.pdf]

Working Paper:  “All it Takes is One”  (February 21, 2012)  (120 KB)  [AITIO.pdf]

Commentary:  “Those Who Make Nothing”  (November 5, 2011)  (56 KB)  [TWMN.pdf]

Working Paper:  “Why Do Inefficient Black Churches Survive?”  (January 2011)  (217 KB) [IBC.pdf]

Essay:  “The Marriage-Job Paradox”  (July 26, 2010)  (71 KB)  [TMJP.pdf]

Essay:  “Nation Formation: Part III”  (June 2010) (81 KB)  [NFIII.pdf]

Essay:  “Nation Formation: Part II”  (June 2010) (82 KB)  [NFII.pdf]

Essay:  “Nation Formation: Part I”  (June 2010) (82 KB)  [NFI.pdf]

Commentary:  “The Color Black”  (November 15, 2009)  (72 KB)  [TCB.pdf]

Commentary:  “The Impossibility of Equality without a Gift”  (November 7, 2009)  (72 KB)  [TIEWG.pdf]

Research:  “Why Do Blacks Live Where They Live?”  (July 19, 2009)  (79 KB)  [WDBLWTL.pdf]

Essay:  “MLK: Messianic or Satanic?”  (19 KB)  [MLK.pdf]

Working Paper:  “What Could Have Been: Macrosimulating the Economic Injury Caused by Desegregation”  (April 13, 2007)  (43 KB)  [MEICBD.pdf]

Working Paper:  “HBCU’s Institutional Advantage: Returns to Education”  (This paper was ultimately published as Chapter 13 in Understanding Minority-Serving Institutions, M. Gasman, B. Baez, and C. S. V. Turner, Editors, SUNY Press) (165 KB) [MSI.pdf]

Working Paper:  “Income Inequality and Ethnicity: An International View” (August 2002)  [IIE.pdf]

Article:  “Disparity in Present Value Net Social Security Wealth”  (1994) (13,008 KB) [BRSOCSEC.pdf]